Iron Man is undoubtedly a combination of a successful brain man and a fitness man. Smart, rational, wise, and humorous are his strengths. Then combined with our theme, in fact, in our daily life, if a plant is used to compare Iron Man, then this plant is none other than nerve plant.
Nerve plant(fittonia) is a common plant in the green planting world. The reason why we compare it to Iron Man is that in addition to the flower language of the plant itself, which symbolizes wisdom, rationality and lightness, this plant is also easy to feed and has extremely strong vitality, can survive without too much sunlight.
A happy Fittonia will have a cluster of healthy green leaves, and the whole veins have their characteristic white, red, yellow or pink lines. It is these eye-catching lines that give plants the common name of nerve plants. Its leaves are in sharp contrast: the dark green leaves with pink, white or red veining are reminiscent of the polyveined nervous system. The Fittonia species is sometimes referred to as a mosaic plant, although the name is usually reserved for the Ludwigia species. Nerve plants are evergreen perennials, so they maintain eye-catching leaves throughout the year. Especially because this plant is very easy to feed as long as the environment is suitable, so it is very popular among people. Nerve plants are often used in hanging baskets, container gardens and glass containers. Because they are native to tropical rain forests, nerve plants prefer conditions similar to those on the rain forest floor. Nerve plants are very common in windowsills, balconies and rooms, and are suitable for potted plants.
As far as houseplants are grown for their leaves, there are few beautiful and delicate small leaves comparable to nerve plants (Fittonia albivenis). One of the reasons why many flower lovers like to raise nerve plants is that it is very easy to propagate. You only need a pot of healthy nerve plant, cut off a part of its top branches and leaves, and insert it into a fertile substrate. It can take root and sprout, so how to propagate nerve plant exactly?
* When to propagate nerve plant
Nerve plant propagation generally has a high propagation survival rate from May to September, that is, when the temperature is not too low. Spring is the ideal time to make cuttings and plant some new plants to expand your collection. Although cuttings can be made during the warmer months, spring and early summer are when Fittonia begins to grow lush new growth, which helps further propagation.
* Mode of nerve plant propagation
There are three propagation methods for nerve plants, cuttings, division and tissue culture. The seeds of nerve plants can’t be propagated.
1. Nerve plant propagation by cutting
Plastic cup, a plastic ziplock bag, houseplant soil, spoon (or shovel), fork, sprayer, scissors or trimming shears, tissue paper (or cloth) for cleaning
I. Cut the stem of Fittonia Albivenis (nerve plant) and determine that the stem has 4 to 5 leaves.
II. Put some indoor plant soil into two plastic cups. The reason for using a transparent plastic cup is-to allow you to clearly see the root improvement.
III. Place the cut stem about an inch down into the soil, and then wrap the soil around the base of the stem.
IV. Water the cuttings, put them in a plastic zipper bag, and spray them with water.
V. Blow air into the bag to enlarge it, so that plant life has room to grow. Once the air is blown into the bag. Close the luggage and place them on top of the locker, which is located about a foot below the fluorescent light fixture.
Cutting propagation time is generally in autumn. The stolon of fittonia albivenis (nerve plant) is cut to about 8 cm long, with two leaves on the top and all leaves on the bottom. Insert the branches into the soil about 4 cm deep, and fix the stems in the moist soil.
2. Nerve plant propagation by division
Under normal circumstances, the nerve plants divisions are suitable for spring, and the time is 3-4 months. Generally, the division will be combined with potting and pruning at the same time to avoid multiple removal of the nerve plants from the pots and damage to the roots.
The stolons of nerve plant grass are easy to grow adventitious roots. Cut these stolon belts together to ensure that the length is 10 cm, and then directly pot and maintain in the shade. They can survive within 1-2 weeks and be transferred to normal maintenance. manage.
3. Nerve plant propagation by tissue culture
Although tissue culture is not commonly used for ordinary flower lovers, it is one of the best breeding methods. Generally, the leaves and stem tips are used as explants. The leaves are sterilized and cut into sections, and then inoculated on the medium. The leaves will bend after 30 days, and the cluster buds will grow after 20 days. Then the cluster buds are cut and transferred to the medium. Adventitious roots can grow in -2 weeks.
1. Potted soil: the best humus-rich sandy loam is the best cultured soil for reticulum. It can also be prepared with 50% snake sawdust, 20% peat moss and 30% river sand. Reticulum potted plants can be prepared by mixing peat soil, mulch soil and river sand in equal amounts.
2. Upper potting: when reticulate cutting seedlings are placed on pots, take care not to damage the roots and separate them from fertilizers to avoid burning roots. After planting, water to fix the roots, and then transfer to normal maintenance.
3. Fertilizer and water: fertilize once every half month during the growth period. Note that the fertilizer solution should not touch the leaf surface, so as not to cause fertilizer damage. Higher air humidity is required during the growth period. In addition to watering in the summer high temperature season, spraying on foliage and on the ground are more necessary.
4. Temperature: reticulated grass likes warmth, and its growth temperature is 18-25 degrees Celsius. Reticulated grass has poor cold tolerance. The leaves will suffer cold damage if the temperature is lower than 12 degrees Celsius, and the plants may die at about 8 degrees Celsius.
5. Leaf wilting: higher air humidity is required during the growth period, especially in the high temperature season in summer, where the water evaporates and the air is dry. In addition to watering to increase the humidity of the pot soil, spraying water on leaves and ground water are more necessary. Maintaining a high air humidity is conducive to the growth of reticulated grass stems and leaves. But the pot soil should be well drained, and no water should be accumulated, and the leaves should not be soaked in the water mist for a long time, otherwise the leaves will turn yellow, which will easily cause falling off and rot.