Residential land surveyors prepare reports to determine the precise boundaries between residential land parcels. In some countries, people who wish to become residential land surveyors, although those who work in land surveying, usually have to go through a licensing process. In some places, universities offer undergraduate degree courses in surveying, during which students learn the techniques of measuring land area, determining water boundaries, and even calculating airspace. In addition to full-degree programs, many community colleges also offer short-term vocational courses, some of which are specifically for residential real estate. Regulatory regulations in some areas mean that residential land surveyors must complete certain training courses before applying for a permit. The actual permit process usually involves the applicant paying the fee and passing the exam. During the new construction period, the construction company will hire a residential land surveyor to mark the boundaries between the plots where the new house will be built. During the new construction period, the construction company hires a residential land surveyor to delineate the boundaries between the plots on which the new house will be built.
Surveyors use global positioning satellites, geographic information systems (GIS) and traditional equipment (including tape measures) to determine the perimeter of each property. Construction companies can set up fences along these boundaries so that property line survey can be easily conducted and measured architects are often asked to determine whether existing fences and other types of structures are on the actual property line dividing the two residential plots. If the garden fence is located in the wrong area and someone is injured near the fence, liability issues sometimes arise. If the accident technically occurs on the owner’s property, the other side of the fence may be liable for damages.
Therefore, insurance companies and mortgage companies usually require residential land surveyors to issue reports when houses change hands to ensure that all parties accurately know the end of one piece of land and the end of the next piece of land. First, some surveyors are self-employed. In this case, they sign contracts for different clients and receive a fixed fee each time they complete a survey. Other surveyors work for real estate companies or title agents, and these people usually have salaries. Many surveyors are authorized to conduct various investigations although some choose to focus on residential properties.