Welcome to the land world
Yukon Territory's Gold Rush History
2021-09-10

Modern supermarkets and car dealerships fill Whitehorse's new tarmac. The totem pole representing Indian culture and the wall painted with sacred birds are hidden in the Yukon Territory, where modern civilization and Indian culture blend harmoniously.

Yukon is one of three territories in northwest Canada. It is named after the Yukon River, which flows through the territory. Jack. In his novel, London called the Yukon "Mother River" and said it was home to a uniquely North American civilization. Reindeer, wolves, brown bears, and other wild animals have thrived on this wilderness for generations, and the nomadic life of the Indians has not changed for thousands of years. In the background of the Gold Rush, white people and Indians jointly wrote a paean to life. No matter how the fur trade in North America prospered or how brutal the civilization and aboriginal cleansing campaigns were, the wildlife that lived there was never affected. The landscape is as beautiful as ever.

Whitehorse is the Yukon's capital and the largest city in northern Canada. The city of Whitehorse also gets its name from the Yukon River, where the rapids in the upper reaches of the river splash as high as a Whitehorse. Whitehorse is located in the far south of the Yukon, in the vast Yukon Valley. Surrounded by Mount Grey, Mount Hakel, and Mount Golden Horn, the temperatures are much more comfortable than in other Yukon regions.

By the end of the 19th century, European adventurers had discovered gold in the Croondecker River basin near Whitehorse. This changed the fortunes of the Yukon and the Whitehorse. Tens of thousands of people came with the gold rush and they built cabins in the camp, and Whitehorse was thriving like never before. But over the next 100 years, as the gold rush died down and the Alaska Highway was built, Whitehorse's growth began to level off.

When news of the discovery of gold on the Croondyke river spread, merchants from Dawson quickly moved in to claim territory, including two mining barons who bought up the mineral resources at the junction of the Yukon and Croondyke rivers.

Then news of the gold mine spread all over the world. The newspapers were full of demagogic propaganda like "Tons of gold. You can pick up a nugget in the riverbed." This allowed nearly 100, 000 people to pour into the Klondike stream. But these people were not prepared for the long journey. Faced with thousands of kilometers of undeveloped mountain trails, snow-capped mountains, rapids, and countless wild animals, only about 30,000 people actually made it to Dawson and put down roots. Most of the rest went home when they heard that the best gold and land had been bought up.

Those who stayed made their fortunes through various channels. Many have become rich overnight, and have spent their money here, building the most luxurious hotels and the most extravagant jewelers. This transformed Dawson from a small fishing village into a large city and, for a time, the Yukon capital. 

Just two years later, news of a gold discovery near Nome, Alaska, shook up the Yukon gold Rush and sent people rushing to Nome. There are only abandoned buildings and empty streets. By 1952, with the Yukon's capital moving to Whitehorse, Dawson was in complete decline. The population has shrunk to 600, and only the much-refurbished Croondyke motorway still exudes its former glory. 

There are still workers mining gold in Dawson today, but rising costs and falling gold prices have made it no longer a get-rich-quick business. The city has stabilized with garage shops, small grocery stores, hotels, and restaurants, but walking the streets still feels lonely. An eerie atmosphere emanates from the sealed lobby and dark staircases of a beautiful hotel. The only asphalt road in the city has faded, and only by stepping on it can you feel the thickness of history.