China is one of the largest producers of cotton in the world. The country supplies over one-fifth of the cotton used globally, and about 84 per cent of the Chinese output of the product comes from its western Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region.
Land transfer helps Xinjiang cotton quality upgrade
Xinjiang has an endless plateau of fertile soil, with large temperature differences in summer, plenty of sunlight, and sufficient photosynthesis. It is the best cotton growing area in the world. The Xinjiang long-staple cotton produced here is soft, warm, breathable, and comfortable, and its supply exceeds demand all the year round. In the past, it was normal for millions of cotton pickers to enter Xinjiang to pick cotton. In recent years, with the comprehensive deepening of the "land transfer +" model in many parts of Xinjiang, Xinjiang cotton production methods have undergone a fundamental transformation and upgrading.
Good cotton is grown. The land circulation has concentrated the scattered land. After breaking the stem and flat land and drip irrigation, high-standard farmland has been built, and all mechanized planting and large-scale operation have been realized. The implementation of unified planting and unified management of large tracts of cotton fields has a very positive effect on improving the overall cotton quality and promoting the quality and efficiency of the local cotton industry.
Through the selection of varieties in the past few years of land transfer, the cotton quality level of the entire Xinjiang region has been improved year by year. At the same time, mechanized planting and large-scale operations are also conducive to the entire quality control of the production and processing links, especially the control of three silks. Coupled with the quality management of the processing plants, the quality of cotton production in Xinjiang has been significantly improved.
The cotton picker entered the cotton field, and the income of cotton farmers increased
In Manas County, Changji Prefecture, Xinjiang, China, the editor once saw that cotton fields concentrated by land circulation stretched for dozens of miles. After the fully automatic cotton pickers were driven into the cotton fields, the cotton fields were quickly grabbed into the "belly" of the machine. , After compression, it becomes a large bundle of cotton pillars, which are spit out from the tail of the machine. The whole process of harvesting and packing is mechanized, which effectively avoids the contamination of cotton during the transfer process and greatly improves the quality of cotton.
According to a large local grower, a cotton picker operates continuously, one day and one night, and it is conservatively estimated that it can harvest 500 acres, and one machine can work for one day, which is equivalent to 2,000 laborers working for one day. According to calculations, compared with manual cotton picking, cotton picking machines can reduce the cost of about 1 yuan per kilogram of cotton, and the output value of cotton fields per acre can increase by 350-450 yuan.
Something about "Xinjiang Cotton" that you do not know
Xinjiang is the largest production base of high-quality commodity cotton in China. The area of cotton, per unit yield, total output, commodity volume, and transfer volume in this region have ranked first in China for 26 consecutive years. As the world's largest cotton consumer and the second largest cotton producer, China will produce about 5.95 million tons of cotton in 2020-2021, with a total demand of about 7.8 million tons and an annual gap of about 1.85 million tons. Among them, the output of Xinjiang cotton is 5.2 million tons, which is as high as 1/5 of the world, accounting for about 87% of China's domestic production and about 67% of China's domestic consumption.
Xinjiang long-staple cotton is among the top in the world. The quilt is warm, breathable and comfortable, and its supply exceeds demand all the year round. As an epidemic prevention material, Xinjiang cotton has also played an important role in epidemic prevention. In 2020 when the epidemic prevention and control is the most tense, there is a shortage of anti-epidemic supplies such as masks and cotton balls. In order to ensure the raw material needs of manufacturers as quickly as possible, Xinjiang cotton is urgently sent to all parts of the country on a special train. On average, more than 40 vehicles are sent every day. Shipped nearly 3 million tons in half a year.